PAPERS:

 Barocas, S., (2012), The price of precision: Voter microtargeting and its potential harms to the democratic process, New York: New York University https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=2389661.2389671

 Bozdag, E., van den Hoven, J. (2015), Breaking the filter bubble: democracy and design, Ethics and Information Technology, Volume 17 No. 4, Springer https://doi.org/10.1007/s10676-015-9380-y

 Caplan, R., Boyd, D., (2016), Who Controls the Public Sphere in an Era of Algorithms?, New York: Data & Society https://datasociety.net/pubs/ap/MediationAutomationPower_2016.pdf

 Dutton, W. H. (2017), Fake news, echo chambers and filter bubbles: Underresearched and overhyped, The Conversation: https://theconversation.com/fake-news-echo-chambers-and-filter-bubbles-underresearched-and-overhyped-76688

Dutton, W. H., Reisdorf, B. C., Dubois, E., and Blank, G. (2017), Search and Politics: The Uses and Impacts of Search in Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, and the United States, East Lansing: Quello Center, Paper No. 5-1-17. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2960697

Dutton, W. H., Reisdorf, B. C., Dubois, E., and Blank, G., (2017), Social Shaping of the Politics of Internet Search and Networking: Moving Beyond Filter Bubbles, Echo Chambers, and Fake News, paper presented at the TPRC, Arlington, Virginia, September, available as Quello Center Working Paper No. 2944191 at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2944191   

Faris, R., Roberts, H., Etling B., Bourassa, N., Zuckerman, E., Benkler, Y. (2017), Partisanship, Propaganda, and Disinformation: Online Media and the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election, Cambridge: Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University https://cyber.harvard.edu/publications/2017/08/mediacloud

Fletcher R. , Cornia A., Graves L., Nielsen R.K. (2017), Measuring the reach of “fake news” and online  disinformation  in Europe, Oxford: Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism http://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/our-research/measuring-reach-fake-news-and-online-disinformation-europe

Freedom on the Net, Country profile: Italy (2017), Washington D.C.: Freedom House:  https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2017/italy

Goodman, E., Labo S., Moore, M., & Tambini, D. (2017). The new political campaigning. Media Policy Brief 19. London: Media Policy Project, London School of Economics and Political Science http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/71945/7/LSE%20MPP%20Policy%20Brief%2019%20-%20The%20new%20political%20campaigning_final.pdf

Hobbs, R. (2013), The blurring of art, journalism and advocacy: Confronting 21st century propaganda in a world of online journalism, A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society, Volume 8 No. 4 https://kb.osu.edu/dspace/handle/1811/73125?show=full

Howard, P., S. Bradshaw (2017), Troops, Trolls and Troublemakers: A Global Inventory of Organized Social Media Manipulation, Oxford: Computational Propaganda Project, 2017 http://comprop.oii.ox.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/sites/89/2017/07/Troops-Trolls-and-Troublemakers.pdf

Kreiss, D. (2012), Yes We Can (Profile You), A Brief Primer on Campaigns and Political Data, Standford: Stanford Law Review https://www.stanfordlawreview.org/online/privacy-paradox-yes-we-can-profile-you/

Lo Conte M. (2018), Facebook in campagna elettorale: news dai partiti e video live, Milano: Il Sole 24 Ore http://www.ilsole24ore.com/art/notizie/2018-02-08/facebook-entra-campagna-elettorale-info-partiti-programmi-e-video-live-gli-utenti-115936.shtml?uuid=AE8uMewD&fromSearch

 Newman, N., Fletcher, R., Kalogeropoulos A., Levy D. A. L. , Nielsen R. K. (2017), Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2017, Oxford: Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism https://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/sites/default/files/Digital%20News%20Report%202017%20web_0.pdf?utm_source=digitalnewsreport.org&utm_medium=referral

Newman, N., Fletcher, R. (2017), Bias, Bullshit and Lies: Audience Perspectives on Low Trust in the Media, Oxford: Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism https://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/our-research/bias-bullshit-and-lies-audience-perspectives-low-trust-media

Nyhan, B., Porter, E., Reifler, J., Wood, T., (2017), Taking Corrections Literally But Not Seriously? The Effects of Information on Factual Beliefs and Candidate Favorability. Available at SSRN: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2995128

 Piccio, D. R. (2016), The state of political finance regulations in Western Europe, Stockholm: International IDEA https://www.idea.int/sites/default/files/publications/the-state-of-political-finance-regulations-in-western-europe.pdf

Political micro-targeting (2017), Internet Policy Review, Volume 6 No. 4 https://policyreview.info/articles/analysis/political-micro-targeting-manchurian-candidate-or-just-dark-horse

 Tambini, D. (2017), How advertising fuels fake news, London: Media Policy Project Blog, London School of Economics and Political Science http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/mediapolicyproject/2017/02/24/how-advertising-fuels-fake-news/

Tambini, D., Anstead N., Magalhães, J. C. (2017), Is the Conservative Party deliberately distributing fake news in attack ads on Facebook?, London: Media Policy Project Blog, London School of Economics and Political Science http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/mediapolicyproject/2017/06/07/is-the-conservative-party-deliberately-distributing-fake-news-in-attack-ads-on-facebook/

Wardle, C., Derakhshan, H. (2017), Information Disorder Toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policymaking, Council of Europe https://rm.coe.int/information-disorder-report-november-2017/1680764666

 

POSITION PAPERS:

Collegio di controllo sulle spese elettorali, referto ai presidenti delle camere sui consuntivi delle spese e relative fonti di finanziamento riguardanti le formazioni politiche che hanno sostenuto la campagna elettorale per il rinnovo della Camera dei Deputati e del Senato della Repubblica del 24 e 25 Febbraio 2013, Roma: Corte dei Conti http://www.corteconti.it/export/sites/portalecdc/_documenti/controllo/controllo_spese_elettorali/delibera_cse_14_2013.pdf

Il consumo di informazione e la comunicazione politica in campagna elettorale (2016), Roma: Autorità per le garanzie nelle comunicazioni https://www.agcom.it/documents/10179/4025280/Documento+generico+23-02-2016/a8a5a511-254b-4440-9881-48a5d0b4612f?version=1.1

Joint declaration on freedom of expression and “fake news”, disinformation and propaganda (2017), Wien: Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe: http://www.osce.org/fom/302796

Soro A. (2014), Big data e sorveglianza globale, Discorso del Presidente, Relazione 2013, Roma: Garante per la protezione dei dati personali http://194.242.234.211/documents/10160/0/Relazione+annuale+2013+-+Discorso+del+Presidente.pdf

 

BOOKS:

 Bimber, B., David, D. (2003), Campaigning Online, The Internet in U.S. Elections, Oxford: Oxford University Press https://global.oup.com/academic/product/campaigning-online-9780195151565?cc=us&lang=en&

Cepernich C. (2017), Le campagne elettorali al tempo della networked politics, Bari: Laterza https://www.laterza.it/index.php?option=com_laterza&Itemid=97&task=schedalibro&isbn=9788858129159

 Davis, R., Holtz-Bacha, C., Just, M. R. (2017), Twitter and Elections Around the World: Campaigning in 140 Characters or Less, Oxford: Routledge https://www.routledge.com/Twitter-and-Elections-around-the-World-Campaigning-in-140-Characters-or/Davis-Holtz-Bacha-Just/p/book/9781138949355

Graves, L. (2016), Deciding What’s True: The Rise of Political Fact-Checking in American Journalism, New York: Columbia University Press https://cup.columbia.edu/book/deciding-whats-true/9780231175074

Kreiss, D. (2016), Prototype Politics: Technology-Intensive Campaigning and the Data of Democracy, Oxford: Oxford University Press https://danielkreiss.com/prototype-politics-2/

Nielsen R. K. (2012), Ground Wars: Personalized Communication in Political Campaigns, Princeton: Princeton University Press https://press.princeton.edu/titles/9616.html

 Sunstein, C. R. (2017), #Republic: Divided Democracy in the Age of Social Media, Princeton: Princeton University Press https://press.princeton.edu/titles/10935.html

 

REGULATION:

AGCOM, Linee guida per la parità di accesso alle piattaforme online durante la campagna elettorale per le elezioni politiche 2018 https://www.agcom.it/documents/10179/9478149/Documento+generico+01-02-2018/45429524-3f31-4195-bf46-4f2863af0ff6?version=1.0

Documento n. 13/ 2018, Commissione parlamentare per l’indirizzo generale e la vigilanza dei servizi radiotelevisivi: Disposizioni di attuazione della disciplina in materia di comunicazione politica e di parità di accesso ai mezzi di informazione relative alle campagne per le elezioni della Camera dei deputati e del Senato della Repubblica fissate per il giorno 4 marzo 2018 http://parlamento17.camera.it/133?documenti_approvati=27

 Delibera n. 1/18/CONS: Disposizioni di attuazione della disciplina in materia di comunicazione politica e di parità di accesso ai mezzi di informazione relative alle campagne per le elezioni della Camera dei Deputati e del Senato della Repubblica fissate per il 4 marzo 2018 https://www.agcom.it/documents/10179/9301827/Delibera+1-18-CONS/c63e653f-ca2f-414a-934d-f8f009627e1f?version=1.0

 Autorizzazione n. 3/2016, Autorizzazione al trattamento dei dati sensibili da parte degli organismi di tipo associativo e delle fondazioni – 15 dicembre 2016 http://garanteprivacy.it/web/guest/home/docweb/-/docweb-display/docweb/5803310

Council of Europe, Recommendation CM/Rec(2016)5 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on Internet freedom: https://search.coe.int/cm/Pages/result_details.aspx?ObjectId=09000016806415fa

Regulation EU/2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation): http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32016R0679&from=IT

Provvedimento in materia di trattamento di dati presso i partiti politici e di esonero dall’informativa per fini di propaganda elettorale –  6 marzo 2014 http://www.garanteprivacy.it/web/guest/home/docweb/-/docweb-display/docweb/3013267

Legge 149/ 2013, Abolizione del finanziamento pubblico diretto, disposizioni per la trasparenza e la democraticità dei partiti e disciplina della contribuzione volontaria e della contribuzione indiretta in loro favore http://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/atto/serie_generale/caricaDettaglioAtto/originario;jsessionid=J8Tb1vOne72QKx9uXGOaWQ__.ntc-as1-guri2a?atto.dataPubblicazioneGazzetta=2014-02-26&atto.codiceRedazionale=14A01531&elenco30giorni=false

Legge 28/2000, Disposizioni per la parità di accesso ai mezzi di informazione durante le campagne elettorali e referendarie e per la comunicazione politica http://www.normattiva.it/uri-res/N2Ls?urn:nir:stato:legge:2000-02-22;28!vig

 D.lgs. 196/2003, Codice in materia di protezione dei dati personali http://www.altalex.com/documents/codici-altalex/2014/02/10/codice-della-privacy

Legge 515/1993, Disciplina delle campagne elettorali per l’elezione alla Camera dei deputati e al Senato della Repubblica http://www.normattiva.it/uri-res/N2Ls?urn:nir:stato:legge:1993;515

Legge n.103/1975, Nuove norme in materia di diffusione radiofonica e televisiva http://www.camera.it/_bicamerali/rai/norme/listitut.htm

 

WEBSITES AND MONITORING TOOLS:

 Mapping Italian News, Università di Urbino Carlo Bo, 2018 https://elezioni2018.news/

facebook.tracking.exposed

Who targets me?

Resource Centre (European Centre for Press and Media Freedom), http://www.rcmediafreedom.eu/